Karabash 26.07.2014 Russia
Karabash - the most polluted town in Russia (and by UNESCO recognized as one of the most polluted city one the planet)
Situated in the South Ural, roughly 90 kilometers from Chelyabinsk, Karabash is a fairly large city. It not only covers a land area of approximately 1822 square kilometers, but it is home to nearly 16 000 people. The town originally developed due to large copper deposits and in 1910 a smelter was built here specializing in the production of 'blister copper'. Immense sulfur dioxide emissions, fall-out of metal-rich particulates and mounds of black slag are thought to be responsible for higher incidences of birth defects, skin diseases and internal organ failure among the residents of this town.
The results of a survey conducted by the Chelyabinsk Provincial Institute for Public Health and Environment in 1994 in Karabash were so bad that the provincial Ministry for the Environment classified it as an Ecological Disaster Zone. They found that children from Karabash were considerably smaller than children from the control group, had 3.5 times more birth defects, 2.7 times more skin diseases and suffered from heavy metal poisoning
Photo: Adam Lach / Napo Images